Posts for tag: High Blood Pressure
Do you know the difference between high blood pressure and low blood pressure? Your Gilbert, AZ, cardiologists, Dr. Zaki Lababidi and Dr. Khaled Albasha of Gilbert Cardiology diagnose and treat both conditions.
How is blood pressure measured?
Blood pressure is the force of your blood as it pushes against your arteries. Your cardiologist looks at two numbers when measuring your pressure with a sphygmomanometer, also called a blood pressure monitor. The first number, systolic pressure, measures the force of your blood against the artery walls when your heart beats. Diastolic pressure, the second number, refers to the pressure when your heart takes a short rest between heartbeats.
If your systolic measurement is less than 120 and your diastolic number is less than 80, you have normal blood pressure. Blood pressure readings are measured in millimeters of mercury and written as mm Hg. For example, your doctor or the medical staff may say that your blood pressure is 120 over 80 and write your blood pressure as 120/80 mm Hg.
How do high blood pressure and low pressure differ?
Both high blood pressure and low blood pressure readings may be a cause for concern during your visit to the Gilbert, AZ, cardiology office. Although everyone's blood pressure naturally rises and falls during the day, consistently low or high blood pressure must be monitored and treated if necessary.
High blood pressure (hypertension) occurs when the force of blood against the artery walls is too strong, while not enough force is the problem with low blood pressure (hypotension).
What are the symptoms of high and low blood pressure?
High blood pressure usually doesn't cause any symptoms, even as it's damaging your arteries and increasing your risk of stroke, heart attack, type 2 diabetes, kidney disease, and other diseases and conditions. Some people with very high blood pressure may develop headaches, bloody nose, shortness of breath, confusion, or chest pain.
If your systolic reading is 120 - 139 and your diastolic reading is 80 - 89, you are at risk of developing high blood pressure. You will be diagnosed with high blood pressure if your systolic reading is 140 or higher and your diastolic pressure is 90 or higher.
Low blood pressure occurs when your blood pressure reading is lower than 90/60 mm Hg. Symptoms of low blood pressure may include:
- Cold or clammy skin
- Blurry Vision
- Shallow Breathing
Low blood pressure can occur for many reasons, including dehydration, standing up too quickly, experiencing an allergic reaction, or as a side effect of some prescription medications. Lower than normal blood pressure can also be a sign of a health condition or infection.
Prompt treatment is essential for both high blood pressure and low blood pressure. Call (480) 786-9100 to schedule an appointment with your cardiologists in Gilbert, AZ, Dr. Lababidi and Dr. Albasha of Gilbert Cardiology
Did your primary care practitioner tell you that your blood pressure numbers were a little high? Come visit Gilbert Cardiology in Gilbert, AZ. Dr. Zaki Lababidi & Dr. Khaled Albasha will work with you to watch the signs of high blood pressure as well as give you a sound treatment plan that works.
What Are The Signs Of High Blood Pressure?
Blood pressure is the measure of the force of blood against artery walls. When your blood pressure is high, this means that the force created by the blood in your circulatory system is stronger than normal. While patients may feel okay, there is a relationship between high blood pressure and heart attacks and strokes.
There are not many signs that definitively point to high blood pressure. If there are, the signs are not the same for everyone who has this condition. Most often a patient will have:
- Problems with their vision
- Chest pain
How Can I Prevent High Blood Pressure?
Getting quality sleep helps maintain healthy blood pressure. Sleep allows the body to reset and reduce inflammatory markers that later lead to a higher blood pressure count.
Continue to move your body. Exercise is a wonderful way to get the blood moving in the veins and arteries. Walking, swimming and weightlifting without enhancers are all great ways to get your heart pumping in a controlled way.
Manage your stress. Stress puts your body in a state of “fight or flight,” where your heart begins to race, you feel butterflies and jittery all over. It is okay to feel this way every so often, but it is unhealthy to feel that way all the time. Your body feels this way due to the release of cortisol. Studies show that hypertension is linked with too much cortisol in the body.
For more information from Gilbert Cardiology on managing your heart health and lowering your blood pressure in Gilbert, AZ, contact Dr. Albasha and Dr. Lababidi. You may reach us at 480-786-9100.
If you have high blood pressure, you will need to make certain lifestyle adjustments to help you manage your condition. Successfully controlling your blood pressure through a healthy lifestyle could even help you delay, avoid, or decrease the need to take maintenance medications to reduce your high blood pressure. Besides regular visits to one of our cardiologists here at Gilbert Cardiology in Gilbert, AZ, Dr. Zaki Lababidi and Dr. Khaled, Albasha, here are essential lifestyle adjustments to help you reduce and maintain your blood pressure.
Shed Those Excess Pounds and Extra Inches Off Your Waistline
As your weight increases, so does your blood pressure. Losing excess weight if you’re obese or overweight and reducing inches off your waistline could help decrease your blood pressure.
Eat a Well-Balanced Diet
Your diet should be rich in vegetables, whole grains, low-fat dairy, healthy fats, and fruits. You should likewise watch your salt intake. Generally speaking, aim for 1,500mg to 2,300mg of sodium daily.
Get Moving and Keep On Moving
Regular exercise of around 30 minutes daily or 150 minutes weekly could help decrease your blood pressure. However, you will need to be consistent since your blood pressure could rise again once you stop working out.
Did you know that every single cigarette your smoke elevates your blood pressure for several minutes even after you’ve finished smoking it? Aside from reducing your blood pressure, quitting smoking will also minimize your risk of developing all kinds of health problems such as cancer, heart disease, stroke, and lung diseases among others.
Keep Your Stress Levels Under Control
Studies have shown that being chronically stressed may increase blood pressure. To find out what’s stressing you out and take the necessary steps to deal with them.
Keep Track of Your Blood Pressure Levels and Visit Your Doctor Regularly
Monitoring your blood pressure at home can help you determine whether or not your lifestyle adjustments are working. It will also help warn you of potential complications early on. Routine visits to your cardiologist in Gilbert, AZ, will also help keep your blood pressure in check.
Limit Your Alcohol Intake
You can help reduce your blood pressure by drinking moderate amounts of alcohol, about two drinks for men and one drink for women daily. However, drinking more than these amounts could elevate your blood pressure and decrease the effectiveness of your maintenance medicines.
For Help Managing Your High Blood Pressure, Give Us a Call
Arrange your appointment with one of our cardiologists, Dr. Zaki Lababidi or Dr. Khaled Albasha, here at Gilbert Cardiology in Gilbert, AZ, by calling (480) 786-9100.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that 75 million American adults have high blood pressure, making it one of the most common health conditions in the country. High blood pressure, also called hypertension, can be successfully managed with help from a cardiologist and a decision to make important lifestyle changes. Find out the potential dangers of high blood pressure and how you can get your readings under control with help from a doctor at Gilbert Cardiology in Gilbert, AZ.
What Is Considered High Blood Pressure?
Blood pressure is a measure of the compression of blood in the veins as it moves throughout the body. Generally, a normal blood pressure reading is between 120/80mmGg to 140/90mmHg, but anything consistently above 120/80 may be called “prehypertensive.” When a blood pressure reading exceeds 140 for systolic (the upper number) or 90 for diastolic (the lower number) that is considered hypertension. Blood pressure levels may vary throughout the day, but when it is consistently high it could put stress on the heart over time.
Potential Dangers of Hypertension
Because hypertension is one of the most common health conditions in the US, one of the first tests you’ll receive when you visit your Gilbert, AZ doctor is a blood pressure check. Though it often comes with little to no symptoms, there are still a few potential dangers to be aware of if you’re diagnosed with high blood pressure. Patients who have uncontrolled high blood pressure for extended periods of time may be at high risk for heart disease, stroke, vascular complications, and organ damage.
Ways to Get Blood Pressure Under Control
Luckily, high blood pressure can be diagnosed easily using arm band pressure monitors and managed with dietary changes and medication. These are a few ways you and your doctor can get your blood pressure under control:
- Take blood pressure medication (beta blockers, ACE inhibitors, diuretics, etc.)
- Eat foods that have less sodium, that are nitrate-free, and that are free from saturated fats. Lose weight.
- Minimize alcohol consumption and avoid tobacco products.
- Get 30 minutes of light exercise (as recommended by your Gilbert, AZ doctor) each day.
- Manage your stress, as high stress can be a trigger.
- Purchase an at-home BP monitor and check your readings daily. Contact your cardiologist if they are not normalizing despite taking prescribed medication.
Get Help from a Cardiologist
A cardiologist can help you normalize your high blood pressure with treatments, recommendations, and medication. Call Gilbert Cardiology in Gilbert, AZ today at 480-786-9100 to schedule an appointment with Dr. Zaki Lababidi or Dr. Khaled Albasha.
If your blood pressure were too high, would you know it? Your diastolic and systolic blood pressure indicates good blood flow throughout your body and also heart, brain, liver, and kidney health. While the Centers for Disease Control reports that one in three Americans have hypertension, many are undiagnosed. At Gilbert Cardiology, your heart doctors want you to understand hypertension, its symptoms and what you can do to control it.
The silent killer
The American Heart Association called high blood pressure "the silent killer." Because hypertension shows few to no symptoms most of the time, many sufferers have no idea they have it or the serious complications which result from it.
That being said, very high blood pressure--called a hypertensive crisis of 180/120--can exhibit symptoms of:
- Facial flushing
These symptoms constitute a medical emergency and warrant a 911 call for immediate help to avoid stroke, heart attack, heart failure, aneurysm and more. As a point of comparison, normal blood pressure is 120/80 or lower.
More routine hypertension
Your Gilbert, AZ, cardiologists ask their patients to monitor their blood pressure levels regularly, particularly if they have the official diagnosis of hypertension or have another form of cardiovascular or kidney disease. Treatment may include medication, a low sodium diet, weight loss, and cardiovascular exercise as tolerated.
Additionally, smokers should ask their heart doctor or primary care physician for a tobacco cessation program which typically includes behavioral support and medications to control nicotine cravings. Limiting alcohol consumption lowers blood pressure, too, as does a heart-healthy diet high in fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy and proteins.
Your cardiologist advises patients to monitor blood pressure levels at home and to come into the office for check-ups as needed. If you believe your job or other elements of lifestyle may contribute to your stress levels, your doctor can advise you on how to reduce stress and lower your blood pressure.
While patients cannot mitigate their heredity (hypertension can run in families), there is much to do to control blood pressure. Your doctor at Gilbert Cardiology will help you achieve your optimal level and keep it there.
Come see us
Your blood pressure is one of the major indicators of health. To discuss yours, please contact your cardiologists at Gilbert Cardiology for a consultation at (480) 786-9100.