Posts for tag: Low Blood Pressure
Do you know the difference between high blood pressure and low blood pressure? Your Gilbert, AZ, cardiologists, Dr. Zaki Lababidi and Dr. Khaled Albasha of Gilbert Cardiology diagnose and treat both conditions.
How is blood pressure measured?
Blood pressure is the force of your blood as it pushes against your arteries. Your cardiologist looks at two numbers when measuring your pressure with a sphygmomanometer, also called a blood pressure monitor. The first number, systolic pressure, measures the force of your blood against the artery walls when your heart beats. Diastolic pressure, the second number, refers to the pressure when your heart takes a short rest between heartbeats.
If your systolic measurement is less than 120 and your diastolic number is less than 80, you have normal blood pressure. Blood pressure readings are measured in millimeters of mercury and written as mm Hg. For example, your doctor or the medical staff may say that your blood pressure is 120 over 80 and write your blood pressure as 120/80 mm Hg.
How do high blood pressure and low pressure differ?
Both high blood pressure and low blood pressure readings may be a cause for concern during your visit to the Gilbert, AZ, cardiology office. Although everyone's blood pressure naturally rises and falls during the day, consistently low or high blood pressure must be monitored and treated if necessary.
High blood pressure (hypertension) occurs when the force of blood against the artery walls is too strong, while not enough force is the problem with low blood pressure (hypotension).
What are the symptoms of high and low blood pressure?
High blood pressure usually doesn't cause any symptoms, even as it's damaging your arteries and increasing your risk of stroke, heart attack, type 2 diabetes, kidney disease, and other diseases and conditions. Some people with very high blood pressure may develop headaches, bloody nose, shortness of breath, confusion, or chest pain.
If your systolic reading is 120 - 139 and your diastolic reading is 80 - 89, you are at risk of developing high blood pressure. You will be diagnosed with high blood pressure if your systolic reading is 140 or higher and your diastolic pressure is 90 or higher.
Low blood pressure occurs when your blood pressure reading is lower than 90/60 mm Hg. Symptoms of low blood pressure may include:
- Cold or clammy skin
- Blurry Vision
- Shallow Breathing
Low blood pressure can occur for many reasons, including dehydration, standing up too quickly, experiencing an allergic reaction, or as a side effect of some prescription medications. Lower than normal blood pressure can also be a sign of a health condition or infection.
Prompt treatment is essential for both high blood pressure and low blood pressure. Call (480) 786-9100 to schedule an appointment with your cardiologists in Gilbert, AZ, Dr. Lababidi and Dr. Albasha of Gilbert Cardiology
How your cardiologists in Gilbert, AZ, can help when you have low blood pressure.
Low blood pressure, also called hypotension, means that your blood pressure measures lower than 90/60. It is a measurement of how your blood is flowing through your arteries. If you have low blood pressure, you may not be having any symptoms or problems, but low blood pressure can have some unpleasant side effects too.
The good news is, your cardiologist can help if you are having problems from low blood pressure. Dr. Zaki Lababidi and Dr. Khaled Albasha of Gilbert Cardiology in Gilbert, AZ, offer a wide range of cardiology services, including treatment for low blood pressure.
Low blood pressure can be caused by many underlying conditions including:
- Pregnancy or anemia
- Low B-12, folate or iron levels
- Dehydration or blood loss
- Heart problems including a low heart rate, valve issues, heart failure, or a heart attack
- Endocrine issues including hypoglycemia or diabetes
- A severe infection or an allergic reaction
Low blood pressure can also be a side effect of some medications, including:
- Water pills like hydrochlorothiazide and furosemide
- Alpha and beta blockers like prazosin, and atenolol
- Tricyclic antidepressants
- Parkinson’s disease medications
- Erectile dysfunction medications including Viagra
If you have low blood pressure, you might start experiencing signs and symptoms like these:
- Feeling faint or fatigued
- Feeling light-headed or dizzy
- Having blurred vision
- Having difficulty concentrating
You should seek out your cardiologist if you have low blood pressure readings frequently. Your cardiologist may just need to monitor your blood pressure, or you may need treatment to feel your best. Some common treatments for low blood pressure include:
- Medications including fludrocortisone, to increase blood volume
- Medications including midodrine, to restrict expansion of blood vessels
In addition to medication therapy, your cardiologist may recommend lifestyle and diet modifications like these:
- Using more salt in your diet to raise blood pressure
- Drinking more water to prevent dehydration
- Wearing compression stockings to reduce blood pooling
If you have low blood pressure, don’t ignore it. Talk with the experts by calling Dr. Zaki Lababidi and Dr. Khaled Albasha of Gilbert Cardiology in Gilbert, AZ, at (480) 786-9100. Call today.