Protect yourself against the potential health dangers of high blood pressure.
With approximately 1 in every 3 adults in the US dealing with high blood pressure it’s important that people take certain precautionary measures to prevent hypertension and protect their health. From the office of our Gilbert, AZ, cardiologists Dr. Zaki Lababidi and Dr. Khaled Albasha, learn more about hypertension, its risk factors, warning signs, and how to treat it.
What is blood pressure?
When our Gilbert, AZ, heart doctor places that black strap around your arm and squeezes that little plastic ball on the end we are checking your blood pressure. This measures how much pressure and force your blood is placing on the arterial walls of the heart while the heart is at rest.
What is a normal blood pressure reading?
A blood pressure reading is made up of the systolic number and the diastolic number. The systolic number (the top number) measures the force of blood against the walls while your heart is beating while the diastolic number (the lower number) measures the pressure of the blood on the walls between beats. A normal blood pressure reading is another at or below 120/80 mmHg (millimeters of mercury).
When is blood pressure considered high?
There are different stages of high blood pressure:
- Elevated: In elevated states, the systolic number will range from 120-129 while the diastolic number will remain below 80. While this may not seem critical, those with consistent elevated blood pressure readings will often develop high blood pressure at some point unless important steps and lifestyle changes are taken.
- Hypertension Stage 1: At this stage, systolic numbers range from 130-139 and 80-89 for diastolic. This is when your cardiologist will most likely prescribe medication.
- Hypertension Stage 2: At this stage, blood pressure is consistently 140/90 or higher.
- Hypertensive crisis: This is when blood pressure is at or above 180/120. This is serious and requires immediate medical attention
Are there ways to naturally lower blood pressure?
While there are certain lifestyle changes you can implement to help lower your blood pressure those who are in Stage I or Stage 2 will most likely require medication to also reduce their risk for stroke or heart attack. Lifestyle changes include maintaining a healthy weight (or losing excess weight), eating a low-sodium diet, reducing alcohol consumption, and exercising regularly.
What are the symptoms of high blood pressure?
Unfortunately high blood pressure is known as the “silent killer”, which means that many times people don’t even know that they have high blood pressure. Potential warning signs that you may have hypertension include:
- Blurred vision
- Nausea or vomiting
- Chest pain
- Shortness of breath
- Severe headaches
What causes high blood pressure?
There are many factors that can contribute to high blood pressure. While sometimes there is no root cause to explain your hypertension, often times being inactive, a poor diet, obesity, older age, and a family history of hypertension can contribute.
Can blood pressure be cured?
Unfortunately there is no cure for high blood pressure; however, our cardiologist can help you find the most effective medication to keep your blood pressure within a healthy range for the long term.
Worried that you might be dealing with high blood pressure like members of your family? If so, call Gilbert Cardiology in Gilbert, AZ, today to schedule a consultation with us.