Posts for category: Cardiology
Protect yourself against the potential health dangers of high blood pressure.
With approximately 1 in every 3 adults in the US dealing with high blood pressure it’s important that people take certain precautionary measures to prevent hypertension and protect their health. From the office of our Gilbert, AZ, cardiologists Dr. Zaki Lababidi and Dr. Khaled Albasha, learn more about hypertension, its risk factors, warning signs, and how to treat it.
What is blood pressure?
When our Gilbert, AZ, heart doctor places that black strap around your arm and squeezes that little plastic ball on the end we are checking your blood pressure. This measures how much pressure and force your blood is placing on the arterial walls of the heart while the heart is at rest.
What is a normal blood pressure reading?
A blood pressure reading is made up of the systolic number and the diastolic number. The systolic number (the top number) measures the force of blood against the walls while your heart is beating while the diastolic number (the lower number) measures the pressure of the blood on the walls between beats. A normal blood pressure reading is another at or below 120/80 mmHg (millimeters of mercury).
When is blood pressure considered high?
There are different stages of high blood pressure:
- Elevated: In elevated states, the systolic number will range from 120-129 while the diastolic number will remain below 80. While this may not seem critical, those with consistent elevated blood pressure readings will often develop high blood pressure at some point unless important steps and lifestyle changes are taken.
- Hypertension Stage 1: At this stage, systolic numbers range from 130-139 and 80-89 for diastolic. This is when your cardiologist will most likely prescribe medication.
- Hypertension Stage 2: At this stage, blood pressure is consistently 140/90 or higher.
- Hypertensive crisis: This is when blood pressure is at or above 180/120. This is serious and requires immediate medical attention
Are there ways to naturally lower blood pressure?
While there are certain lifestyle changes you can implement to help lower your blood pressure those who are in Stage I or Stage 2 will most likely require medication to also reduce their risk for stroke or heart attack. Lifestyle changes include maintaining a healthy weight (or losing excess weight), eating a low-sodium diet, reducing alcohol consumption, and exercising regularly.
What are the symptoms of high blood pressure?
Unfortunately high blood pressure is known as the “silent killer”, which means that many times people don’t even know that they have high blood pressure. Potential warning signs that you may have hypertension include:
- Blurred vision
- Nausea or vomiting
- Chest pain
- Shortness of breath
- Severe headaches
What causes high blood pressure?
There are many factors that can contribute to high blood pressure. While sometimes there is no root cause to explain your hypertension, often times being inactive, a poor diet, obesity, older age, and a family history of hypertension can contribute.
Can blood pressure be cured?
Unfortunately there is no cure for high blood pressure; however, our cardiologist can help you find the most effective medication to keep your blood pressure within a healthy range for the long term.
Worried that you might be dealing with high blood pressure like members of your family? If so, call Gilbert Cardiology in Gilbert, AZ, today to schedule a consultation with us.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), heart disease is the number one cause of death in American men and women. About 630,000 of people in the US die from heart disease each year — that’s one-quarter of the total deaths in the United States. Though these numbers may sound alarming, learning the signs and symptoms of heart disease can help you spot its presence and get the treatment you need before it advances into its later stages. Find out more about recognizing and treating heart-related issues with Dr. Zaki Lababidi and Dr. Khaled Albasha at Gilbert Cardiology in Gilbert, AZ.
What is Heart Disease?
Heart disease is a broad term used to describe conditions which affect the heart. The term is often used interchangeably with cardiovascular disease. This condition can greatly increase the chance of heart disease, stroke, and other cardiovascular issues, making spotting its presence early crucial to maintaining your health and taking steps to ensure that your condition does not advance.
Heart Disease Signs and Symptoms
Though heart disease can sometimes show no signs or symptoms, it often presents tell-tale signs of its presence. Men and women may experience different symptoms. However, some of the most common signs of heart disease present themselves in both sexes:
- Chest pain or discomfort
- Chest tightness
- Chest pressure
- Arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat)
- Shortness of breath
- Pain, coldness, weakness, or numbness in the legs or arms, especially if the blood vessels in these areas are narrowed
Regular examinations to search for the signs of heart disease can help spot heart disease early before it advances and causes potentially life-threatening events like heart attack, stroke, or heart failure. See your cardiologist as soon as possible if you suspect you have heart disease.
Preventing Heart Disease in Gilbert, AZ
Prevention of heart disease can begin at any time and benefit anyone. Preventative measures against cardiovascular disease include several key factors:
- quitting smoking
- exercising at least 30 minutes a day
- eating a healthy diet, controlling high blood pressure
- maintaining a healthy weight
- practicing good stress-management techniques
If you think you may be at risk for heart disease, you should consult with your cardiologist to ensure that you receive the care you need.
For more information on heart disease or its treatments, please contact Gilbert, AZ cardiologists Dr. Zaki Lababidi and Dr. Khaled Albasha at Gilbert Cardiology. Call (480) 786-9100 to schedule your appointment with your cardiologist today! Same-day appointments are often available.
Low blood pressure occurs when blood pressure is lower than normal. For some people, low blood pressure does not display any symptoms. However, for many people, low blood pressure can cause dizziness and fainting. In severe cases, it can be life-threatening. Gilbert Cardiology, which is located in Gilbert, AZ, provides state-of-the-art cardiovascular care to the patients we serve. Dr. Zaki Lababidi and Dr. Khaled Albasha are some of the top cardiologists in Gilbert, AZ.
1. Dehydration- Dehydration can cause blood pressure to drop. Dehydration is a potentially serious condition in which your body loses more water than you take in. Fever, vomiting, diarrhea, or excessive sweating can all lead to dehydration. Mild to moderate dehydration can usually be reversed by drinking more fluids. Severe dehydration needs immediate medical treatment.
2. Medications- Medications used in treating high blood pressure can excessively lower blood pressure and result in symptomatic low blood pressure. Diuretics (water pills) can decrease blood volume by causing excessive urination.
3. Heart conditions- If you have a heart condition, your heart may not be able to pump enough blood to meet your body’s needs. Among the heart conditions that can result in abnormally low blood pressure are heart failure, heart attack, problems with heart valves, and a slow heart rate (bradycardia).
4. Pregnancy- It's not uncommon to have a drop in blood pressure during pregnancy. Fluctuating hormones and changes in circulation can result in low blood pressure, especially in the first and second trimester of pregnancy. Symptoms of low blood pressure in pregnancy typically include dizziness and even fainting. The lightheadedness can be worse when rising from a reclining position or standing up suddenly.
5. Lacking vitamins- Too little vitamin B-12 and folic acid in the body can cause anemia, which in turn can lead to low blood pressure. Anemia is a condition marked by a deficiency of red blood cells. The primary function of red blood cells is to transport oxygen to body tissues. Symptoms of anemia may include lightheadness, skin pallor, fatigue, dizziness, shortness of breath, or a fast heartbeat.
Are you ready to take control of your health? Our cardiologists specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of a variety of heart conditions. If you have any heart concerns, Call Gilbert Cardiology at (480) 786-9100 today to schedule an appointment in Gilbert, AZ. At Gilbert Cardiology, your heart is in good hands!
If you had high blood pressure, or hypertension, would you know it? Many people do not know that have this potentially debilitating and deadly cardiovascular condition, says the Center for Disease Control (CDC). Dr. Zaki Lababidi, Dr. Mohammed Reza Hojjati, and Dr. Khaled Albasha of Gilbert Cardiology in Gilbert, AZ, understand the myriad ways hypertension affects the body. They can help you control your blood pressure for your best heart health.
Ideal blood pressure and risks of hypertension
Health care providers and researchers agree: optimal blood pressure levels are 120/80 or lower. However, the CDC states that one in three Americans has b/p readings substantially above than that--classically, 140/90 or higher. This increased pressure on artery walls and small vessel circulation increases the likelihood of:
- Heart attack
- Kidney disease
- Loss of vision
- Memory and cognition impairment
- Sexual dysfunction
Unfortunately, hypertension truly is a silent killer because most individuals do not have any kinds of symptoms and may be surprised to see high blood pressure readings at routine check-ups with their primary care physicians.
Treating hypertension in Gilbert
An old maxim states, "An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure." In medical terms, preventing a problem or disease before it starts, or catching the signs early, forestalls serious complications. As such, the Heart Foundation recommends routine blood pressure screening with the primary care physician and careful monitoring of patients at risk for hypertension.
Your Gilbert cardiologist also advises a blood pressure care plan to treat patients with a diagnosis of hypertension. The goals include consistent b/p readings of 120/80 or lower, fewer blood pressure spikes, at-home and in-office monitoring, and lifestyle modifications such as:
- Consistent use of prescribed medications
- A recorded log of blood pressure readings at intervals recommended by Dr. Lababidi, Dr. Hojjati, or Dr. Albasha
- Regular cardiovascular exercise (simple walking is fine)
- Weight reduction and control
- A heart-healthy diet
- Elimination of all forms of tobacco
- Control of other systemic health conditions such as diabetes
- Identification and reduction of daily stressors
Healthy heart, healthy you
Your blood pressure plays a significant role in your cardiac and overall well-being. Please see your primary care physician yearly for your routine check-up, and when necessary, arrange a consultation at Gilbert Cardiology in Gilbert, AZ, for monitoring and treatment of hypertension. We have same-day appointments when required. Please call us today: (480) 786-9100.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, someone in the United States dies of a heart attack every 40 seconds. Additionally, heart disease accounts for about one-quarter of American deaths overall. Learning the early warning signs of heart disease and heart attack can save your life. Find out more about heart attacks and their early warning signs with Dr. Zaki Lababidi and Dr. Khaled Albasha at Gilbert Cardiology in Gilbert, AZ.
What is a heart attack?
Your heart needs a constant supply of oxygen to function properly. A heart attack occurs when the heart does not receive enough blood flow, resulting in severe damage to the heart muscle itself due to lack of oxygen. Heart disease, which causes a vast majority of heart attacks, becomes present in a person when their arteries have a buildup of plaque, narrowing the artery, and restricting blood flow.
Signs of A Heart Attack
One of the most obvious symptoms of a heart attack is chest discomfort. The discomfort lasts for more than a few minutes and is often described as fullness, pain, pressure, or a squeezing sensation. You may also experience discomfort in the arms, back, and neck. Shortness of breath, nausea, a cold sweat, and lightheadedness are also signs of a heart attack. Both men and women can experience all these symptoms, women are slightly more likely to experience symptoms like shortness of breath or back and jaw pain.
I think I am having a heart attack. Now what?
If you think you are having a heart attack, taking immediate action is crucial and can save your life. During a heart attack, every second counts, making it vital to seek immediate medical attention, even if you are not sure that you are having a heart attack. As the saying goes, it is better to be safe than sorry. Call 911 immediately if you experience the symptoms of a heart attack.
Preventing Heart Attacks in Gilbert, AZ
To actively prevent heart attacks, patients should keep their heart as healthy and free from heart disease as they can. Quitting smoking, eating a healthy diet, remaining active daily, controlling blood pressure, and limiting alcohol intake can greatly reduce your risk of heart disease and heart attack.
For more information on heart disease or heart attacks, please contact Dr. Lababidi and Dr. Albasha at Gilbert Cardiology in Gilbert, AZ. Call (480) 786-9100 to schedule your appointment with your cardiologist today!